Text: Pope Leo XIII
Unaccompanied voices (TTBar)
First Performance: The Hilliard Ensemble, Little St. Mary’s Church, Cambridge July 29th 1997
Expressa Solis (1997)
This piece for three unaccompanied voice was written when I was composer-in-residence for the Hilliard Ensemble’s Summer School which was held in Trinity Hall, Cambridge. The Hilliard had planned an evening concert for the second day of the course, but David James had failed to arrive and it transpired that he was very ill and unable to sing let alone teach. The three remaining members devised a new programme so that it could comprise entirely three-part material, for 2 tenors and baritone, but were a little short of material. I learned of this at breakfast on the day of the performance, and said that I would write a piece for them feeling, as I did, a little like a court composer whose duty was to assuage his master’s anxieties…. I started after morning coffee at 11 and finished shortly after lunch. I used a text that I had set previously for On Photography and for the third part of Effarene, being a poem in Latin, “Ars Photographica” by Pope Leo XIII and which, for some reason, I happened to have with me. I based the music on the earlier choral setting though with substantial modification given the fewer voices, the different vocal ranges and the absence of accompanying instruments. The piece is in two sections: “Expressa Solis” and “Tersa Perfetta” the second being a nineteenth century translation of the Latin poem, followed by a brief coda.