Description:

Requiem in ten movements for full orchestra, chorus and 4 soloists (soprano, mezzo, tenor, baritone) Composed for the ballet by David Dawson, commissioned by the Dutch National Ballet

Date:

October 31, 2018

Gavin’s Notes:

The score was planned very carefully in such a way that each of the ten movements has a separate and quite distinct orchestration and combination of voices. In fact this was the first decision that I made once I had decided on the movements themselves. I list here, firstly, the full range of instruments available for the work followed by the scoring for each movement.

Full Orchestra
3 flutes (1 doubles piccolo)
3 oboes (1 doubles oboe d’amore; 1 doubles cor anglais)
2 clarinets in B flat
1 bass clarinet in B flat
2 bassoons
1 contrabassoon

4 French horns in F

3 trumpets (1 doubles flugelhorn)
3 trombones
1 tuba

1 celeste
1 harp

3 percussion (bass drum, tam tam, tubular bells, 2 snare drums, cymbals, vibraphone – needs bow)

Strings 12. 10. 8. 6. 5

Voices

4 soli from chorus SATB

40 chorus SATB (various divisi)

Part 1: Requiem

Piccolo
Flutes 1/2
Oboes 1/2
Cor anglais
Clarinets 1/2
Bass clarinet
Bassoons 1/2
Contrabassoon

French horns 1/2
French horns 3/4

Trumpet 1
Trumpets 2/3
Trombone 1
Trombones 2/3
Tuba

Harp

Percussion
Percussion

Chorus SATB

Violin 1
Violin 2
Viola
Cello
Bass

Part 2: Kyrie

Bass clarinet
Bassoon 1
Contrabassoon

French horns 1/3

Trumpet 1
Trombone 1/2

Solo voices SATB
Chorus SATB

Violin 1
Violin 2
Viola
Cello
Bass
Note voices have solo quartet, small chorus (4 to a part), and full chorus

Part 3: Tract

Flutes 1/2
Oboes 1/2
Clarinets 1/2
Bassoons 1/2

French horns 1/3

Harp

Solo Voices Soprano, Tenor
Chorus SATB

Violin 1 (3 players)
Violin 2 (3 players)
Viola (3 players)
Cello (2 players)
Bass (1 player)


Part 4: Offertory

Bass clarinet
Bassoon 1

French horn 1

Harp

Percussion (vibraphone)

Solo Tenor, Bass
Chorus ATB

Viola 1
Viola 2
Cello 1
Cello 2
Bass 1
Bass 2

Part 5: Sanctus

Piccolo
Flute 1
Cor Anglais
Clarinets 1/2
Contrabassoon

French horns 1/2
French horns 3/4

Trumpet 1
Trumpets 2/3
Trombone 1
Trombones 2/3
Tuba

Harp

Percussion (bells)
Percussion (vibes/ cymbals)
Percussion (tam tam, bass drum)

Chorus SATB

Cello 1
Cello 2
Bass 1
Bass 2


Part 6: Agnus Dei

Piccolo
Flutes 1/2
Oboes 1/2
Cor anglais
Clarinets 1/2
Bass clarinet
Bassoons 1/2
1 contrabassoon

French horns 1/2
French horns 3/4

Trumpet 1
Trumpets 2/3
Trombone 1
Trombones 2/3
Tuba

Percussion
Percussion
Percussion

Chorus SATB

Violin 1
Violin 2
Viola
Cello 1
Cello 2
Bass


Part 7: Communion

Flute 1
Flutes 2/3
Oboe 1
Oboes 2/3
Clarinets 1/2
Bassoons 1/2

French horn 1

Celeste
Harp

Percussion (vibraphone)

Solo voices Soprano, Tenor
Chorus SSSAAA

Violin 1 solo
Violin 1 gli altri
Violin 2 solo
Violin 2 gli altri
Viola
Cello
Bass


Part 8: Pie Jesu

Oboe d’Amore
Bassoon 1
1 contrabassoon

Harp

Solo Voices Soprano, Alto

Violin 1
Violin 2
Viola
Cello
Bass


Part 9: Libera Me

Bass clarinet
Contrabassoon

French horns 1/2
French horns 3/4

Trumpet 1
Trumpets 2/3
Trombone 1
Trombones 2/3
Tuba

Solo Bass
Chorus TTBB

Viola 1
Viola 2
Cello 1
Cello 2
Bass 1
Bass 2


Part 10: In Paradisum

Solo Flugelhorn
Harp

(divisi voices)
Solo Voices SATB
Chorus I 3S, 3A, 3T, 3B
Chorus II 6S, 6A, 6T, 6B

(divisi strings)
Violin 1 a
Violin 1 b
Violin 1 c
Violin 1 d
Violin 2 a
Violin 2
Violin 2
Violin 2
Viola a
Viola b
Cello a
Cello b
Bass a
Bass b

Audio:

1. Agnus Dei (part 5)
2. Pie Jesu (part 8)
3. In Paradisum (part 10)

Gavin Bryars